Nuclear Fusion

Nuclear Fusion

Springer Nature Switzerland AG

12/2018

512

Mole

Inglês

9783030074623

15 a 20 dias

Descrição não disponível.
Chapter 1 IntroductionFusion as an energy sourceWorld energy supply and demandAvailability of fusion fuelRisk factors for energy sources:Comparative risks of fusion to other energy technologiesProspects for a fusion energy technologyHistorical background Chapter 2 Fusion nuclear reactionsCross sections and reactivityResonant and non-resonant fusion reactionsReactivity models for maxwellian distributionsReactivity in beam-maxwellian systems Chapter 3 Energy gain and loss mechanisms in plasmas and reactorsCharged particle heatingOhmic heatingExternal heating methodsRadiation loss:Charge ExchangeReactor energy balanceLawson criterion and QPulsed vs. steady state energy balanceThermal conversion efficiencyBlankets Chapter 4 Magnetic ConfinementMHD fluid equationsPressure balanceMagnetic pressure concept and Z pinch: Bennett pinch theoremInstabilities in Z pinchPerhapsatronTokamak configurationGrad-Shafranov equationNumerical solutionsEffect of flow on equilibrium Chapter 5 MHD instabilities Ideal MHDEnergy PrincipleInterchange instabilityKink and sausage instabilityWesson diagram for tokamak stabilityBallooning modesNumerical solutionsResistive MHDMagnetic Islands ' and Rutherford growthMagnetic stochasticity " theory="" and="" transportVlasov equationCollision operators Braginskii transport equationsTimescale hierarchy for electrons and ionsBeam slowing down Chapter 7 Neoclassical effectsPfirsch-Schluter regimeTrapped particlesBootstrap currentNeoclassical tearing modeELMs and MARFEs Chapter 8 Waves in plasmaCold plasma dispersion relation: CMA diagramCutoffs and resonancesWarm plasma wavesWKB approximationRay tracing and accessibilityLaser-plasma interactions Chapter 9 RF heating in magnetic fusion devicesIon cyclotron heating: sources, antennas, transmission linesLower hybrid heating: sources, antennas, transmission linesElectron cyclotron heating: sources, antennas, transmission linesIon Bernstein waves and high harmonic fast wavesRF current driveRunaway electrons Chapter 10 Neutral beam injectionPositive and negative ion sourcesNeutralization efficiencyChild-Langmuir lawBeam optics calculationsHigh voltage breakdown issues Chapter 11 Inertial confinement Direct vs. indirect driveLasers, optics, frequency doubling and triplingHohlraum designCapsule hydrodynamicsRayleigh-Taylor instabilityElectron preheat and mixHeavy ion driversFast ignitionNumerical simulations Chapter 12 MagnetsSuperconductivityThermal stabilityStress calculationsBending moments and torsional stabilityRadiation damage Chapter 13 TritiumHealth issues: HTO vs. HTSievert's law and leakage calculationsH-D-T separation processesAvailability and costHe-3 recovery Chapter 14 Materials issuesFirst wall: MFE vs. IFEThermal shock and fatigueThermal stress calculationsCoolant compatibilityPlasma-wall interactionRadiation damage: dpa cross sections and He productionEmbrittlement, void swelling, and creepComposite materialsDivertor and limiter design Chapter 15 Vacuum systemsCryogenicsCryopumpsScroll pumpsConductance calculationsTransient response of vacuum systems Chapter 16 BlanketsLi vs. LiPb vs. LiO Tritium removalFire safetyressureFission hybrid decay heat issues Chapter 17 Economics and SustainabilityThe cost of moneyMaterial availabilityPlant lifetime considerationSite licensesAccident mitigation Is it "Green?"
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