Fan-Qui of China

Fan-Qui of China

Everyday Life in 19th Century China

Downing, C. Toogood

I.B.Tauris & Co. Ltd.



Mixed media product



Charles Downing provides one of the first detailed descriptions of life in China by a western visitor.
Contents VOLUME I Chapter 1 China trade restricted to Canton; British free-traders; Direct voyage; Double voyage; Straits' produce; Time of proceeding to China; Monsoons; China Sea; Typhoons; Destruction of native junks; Appearance of the ocean; Pulo-sapata; Dragon flies; The Ladrones; Outside pilots; Dress of fishermen; Departure for Macao; Boatmen; Olo man; Description of fast boat; Night among the Islands; Ye-moon; Yat-moon; Passage between them; Ghos-paper, crackers; Ghos-pidgeon; Chinese bed; Pillow; Ghos-house; Ghos-stic; Altercation among fishermen; The larger Chee-Chow; Departure and arrival at the port Chapter 2 Macao; Mandarins; Egg-boats; Portuguese settlement; Government of the place; Residence of European ladies; Marquick's Hotel; Evening promenades; Chinese Philosophers; Servants and waiters; Barborous language; Cave of Camoens; Beale's gardens; Communication between Macao and Canton; Broadway river; Departure; Port custom; Approaching thunderstorm; Management of Chinese sailors; Island of Laf-samee; Inside pilot; Departure of outside pilotChapter 3 Macao roads; Contraband trade; Consumption of opium; Lintin; Cum-sing-moon; Opium trade; Clippers; Smug-boats; Receiving vessels; Chinese courage; Peak and island of Lintin; Fishing stakes; Bocca Tigris; Anna-hoy; Anson's bay; Chuen-pee; The chop; Battle of Bogue; First and batteries; Native pirates; Jealous precaution of the government against Portuguese; Native chronicles; Tiger island and fort; Paddy ground; Duck-boats; Second-bar Pagoda; Stone quarries; Bar boats Chapter 4 Whampoa village; First-bar; View of fleet in Whampoa Reach; Importance of the trade; Was-boats; Chinese girls; Collection of small stores; Port customs; Security system; Compradores; Olo acow; San-pan-Sam; Modes of cheating in former times; Preventive service; Polite dialogue; Supply of meat; Preparations for unloading; The linguist; The clerks' boats; The pursers; Their apparatus; The chops or cargo-boats; UnloadingChapter 5 Great variety of craft on the river; Numbers of people who live on the water; Maternal precaution; General description of the boats; The eye on the bows; Large junks; The Loong-froong; Merchant junk; Entering Junk river; Men-of-war; Cannon; Compass; Mandarin boat; Occupation; Smug-boats; Smugglers; Way of proceeding; The river Tigris; Intricate channels; Chase and capture of a smugglerChapter 6 The great plain of Quang-see; The great rivers; Narrow limits for foreigners; Danger of being bambooed; Danes an French islands; Sam-shu wigwam; Native tombs; Second bar pagoda; Whampoa Reach; The double-decker; Rice ship; Chinese and foreign smallcraft; Quickness of natives; American vessels; Green paddy-fields; Range of mountains; The pauper's tombstone; Seaman's burial ground; Country pagodas; The quoit ground; Causeway; Theatre; Rice agriculture; Duck-boats; Management of birds Chapter 7 Chinese boats; Clerks-boats; External ornament; Internal arrangement; Mosquitoes and flies; Musical instruments; Tea-drinking; Smoking pipes; Opium smoking; Lanterns; The swan-pan; Way of writing; Sealing the chop; The written language; Original formation of the characters; Number of words; The keys; Difficulty of language; Oral tongue; Accents; Writing paper; India paper; Cargo-boats; The barber's san-pan, etc; Deafness of many Chinese; Sam-shu smuggling; Eel-boats; Management of small boats; The paddle; Oars and sculls; Mat sails; Hoppo-boat Chapter 8 Temperature; South-west monsoon; Unhealthiness of Whampoa; Improvidence of common sailors; Breaking up of monsoon; Spasmodic cholera; Cause of intense cold in China; North-east monsoon; Paddy-lands; Marsh miasm; Mixture of salt and fresh water; Sam-shu, its manufacture and poisonous nature; Recklessness of sailors; Smuggling sam-shu; San-pans; Sailors' holiday; Hog Lane; Ingenious contrivance; The sailor's death and burial Chapter 9 Navigation of River Tigris; Progress to Canton; The dollar-boat; Fishing-stakes; Whampoa Island; Nine-story pagoda; Smuggler's battery; River-craft; Junks; Passage-boats; San-pans; Cheap travelling; Fruit-women; Insolence of native; Horror of foreigners; The foreign ghosts; Ghos-pidgeon; Halfway house; Halfway pagoda; Ghos-house; Divarication of the stream; Currents of wind; The windward passage; Fruit-banks; The Chinese Blackwall; Sailmaker; Boatbuilder; Chop-house; Mandarin-boats; The floating islands; The leeward passage; Dangerous route; The Canton fishery; Accidents from the fishing stakes; Infanticide; Maternal tendernessChapter 10 Approach to Canton; Trading junks; Egg-shaped boats; Dockyards; Men-of-war; Up-country barges; Foreign commerce; Inland traffic; Accident on the river; Cargo- boats; Chinese costermonger; Morning visits; Effeminate appearance of upper classes; Flags of the factories; The English Ensign wanting;. Flower-boats; Chinese women; Dangerous experiments; Anecdotes; Chinese modesty; The Tan-kea or boat-people; Female visitors; Names of females; The Town of Boats; Houses; Streets; Lanes and alleys; Constant uproar; Cochin-Chinese junks; Tea-boatsChapter 11 The landing; Difficulties of getting ashore; Ol women; Paddles; Stairs and jetties; Mandarins and Hoppos; Smuggling; The Company's Gaut; The garden; Jealousy of government; Hongs; English wherries and funnies; Amusements of the residents; Restrictions on foreigners; Hotel of Standford and Marks; Company's factory; Assembly rooms; Life in an inn in China; Native servants; Tradesmen; Portable stoves; Apartments; Uncomfortable appearance; The vale-de-chambre; Calling a servant; Getting rid of one; Dress; Whiteness of hands; Long sleeves Chapter 12 Mercantile hardships; Chinese pride; Troubles about native servants; First granted in 1715; Admiral Drury; The linguist; Lord Napier's visit; Night at the inn; The levee; Unknown visitors; Native calculations; Shopkeepers; Chinese English; Tailors; Odd blunders; Tailors at Whampoa; Settling and account; Cumshaw; Shoemakers; Chinese Hoby; Open house of wealthy residents; The suburb; its extent; Squares; Warehouses of Hong merchants; Old and new China Streets; Courts and alleys; Absence of wheel-carriages and beast of burden; Arrangement of shops; The gates of the city; The guards; Pusillanimity of native soldiersChapter 13 Parts to which foreigners have access; Policy of the government; Extensive mercantile transactions; The Annual Edict; Feast of Lanterns; The square before the factories; Foundation of the Hongs; The floods; View of the river; Crowds of natives; Their occupations; The raree-shows; Depravity of lower orders; Regulation of dress; The boat-people; Cages of live animals; Chow-chow; Dog eating; Food of middle classes; Expulsion of shepherds; Food of upper ranks; The birds'-nests; Sea- slug; Poor people omnivorous; Chinese dog; Dog-butchers; Cats; Wild cat; Rats; Rice; Drinks; Drinks; Tea; Fern leaves; Sam-shu; Opium; Tobacco VOLUME IIChapter 1 Population of China; Chang-she's family party; Rapid increase of population; Agriculture; Yao and Chun; War with the beasts; Pastoral ages; Quarrels between cultivators and shepherds; Grades of society; Encouragement to agriculture; Imperial ceremony; Processions of viceroys and governors; Buffalo of clay; Reign of Mantchoo emperors; Productiveness of the country; Extent of cultivated land; Division of the ground; The 'working-wives of Kiang-see'; Scarcity of animals; Water-engines; Collection of manures; Terrace cultivation; Life on the water; Fishermen; Emigration; Infanticide; Importation of rice; Means of smuggling; Famines; Difference between India and China; The Indian and Chinese at dinner; Area of Chinese empire; Immense family of the ChineseChapter 2 Outside shopkeepers of Canton; Oppression by mandarins; Dealings with foreigners; Spanish dollars, Opium trade; Native weights; The Tael; Candareen; mace; The Tchen; Strings of money; Scales for heavy weights; Ivory balance; Catty; Pecul; China Street; Native females; Process of forming small feet; Origin of the custom; Not adopted by the Tartars; Sedans of Hong merchants; Houses; Arrangement of shops; Warehouses of mixed goods; Butterflies and insects; Toys; Fireworks; Character of tradesmen; The Cumshaw; Tea-drinkingChapter 3 Isolated state of the Chinese; Discovery of fire; Uncertainty of original discoveries; Gunpowder; Mariner's compass; Chinese injustice; Vaccination; Minor branches of art; Lacker-ware shops; Caution of the natives; General use of fans; Native customers; Their quiet, inoffensive behaviour; Operation of varnishing; Collecting the resin; The varnish-tree; Real Japan-ware; Chinese muster; Ivory carving; Sphere within sphere; Ho-shing; Skill of the carver; Ivory market; Tortoiseshell and mother- o'-pearl; Sandal wood; Black woods; Roots of bamboo; Pleasure derived from the wonderful; The figure-stone; Porcelain shops; Porcelain trade; Superiority of Chinese porcelain; Old and new ware; Manufacture of large pieces; The city of King-tse- tchingChapter 4 The art of painting; national taste; Lamquoi the painter; Artist's houses; The shop; Stone carving; Rice paper; Indian ink; The workshop; Copying; Manufacture of rice- paper drawings; Preparing the colours; The brushes; Native dexterity; State of the art in China; Minute workmanship; Ignorance of light and shade; Queen Elizabeth's portrait; Chinese landscapes; Very old drawings; Painting on glass; Lamquoi's studio; Memento mori; Prospect of improvementChapter 5 Chinese festivals; New year of business; Chin-chin Gjhos; China Street; Exclusion females; Orderly behaviour; Foreigners in the mob; Exhibitions; Lof-pidgeon; Lamps and variegated lanterns; A Chinese illumination; Theatricals; Temporary stage; Male actresses; Degradation of comedians; Strolling troops; Floating theatres; Royal entertainment; Lord MaCartney; Collection of plays; Songs and singing; Beauties of the drama; Novel dramatis personae; The back streets; felt statues; Music; Subscription of tradesmen; Festivals in general; The emperor and empress; The new year; Chinese felicity; Race of dragon-boatsChapter 6 The Celestial Empire; temperate habits; Apothecaries' shops; Chinese doctor; Drugs; Ginseng; Wonder-working root; Herb-gatherers; Effects of tea and opium; Jesuit Duhalde; Chinese ink; Two doctors at once; Mercury; Quack's handbills; Study of medicine; Anatomy; Misplaced knowledge; Astrology; Pious work; Singapore; Physiology; The shadow in the water; The nose ancestor; Influence of the planets; Chinese Pentad; The five colours; The Yang and Yin; Doctrine of the pulse; Mahommedans; Animal magnetismChapter 7 The experience of a thousand years; Inoculation for smallpox; The moxa; Fashionable doctor; Want of sleep; Curious treatment; School of medicine; History of smallpox; Vaccination; Jesuits; Patients at Whampoa; Ophthalmic hospital at Macao; Canton hospital; Handsome-face painters; Missionaries; PhilanthropyChapter 8 Chinese hospital at Canton; Native patients; Ladies from Nan-king; Rouge; The arched eyebrow; Obliquity of eyelids; Beauty; Hair; Married and betrothed; Dresses; Female colours; Extreme modesty; The twin sisters; Close prisoners; Character of natives; Chinese gratitude; The Cheefoo's secretary; Opinion of the American; Ma-szeyay's poem; Number of patients; Prevalent disorders; Affections of the eyes; Of the ears; Cutaneous diseases; Tumours; Native surgery; Bad cases; Contract between doctor and patient; Operations; Chinese fortitude; Moral courageChapter 9 The merchant sailor; Want of judicature; Rendezvous at Canton; Sam-shu shops; Incongruous shops; Coffee-shops; Natives of Canton; Depravity; Squeezing; Ma-tse; Extortion of mandarins; High treason; Seaport towns; Value of dollar; Native honesty; Egg-house people; hard case; The City of Refuge; Origin of Tan-kea; Laws and regulations; The Oranbadjoos; Character of crimes; Arson; The great fire at Canton; Lord Anson; Fanaticism; Chinese pickpockets; The passage-boats; The Fan-qui outwitted; Battle-royal; The track of vice; Hog LaneChapter 10 Burglaries in Canton; back streets; Mixed crowd; Native barbers; The Parsees; Coolies; Beggars; Lepers; Cripples; Cheap music; Noisy duns; Heavenly Flower Society; Poor-laws in China; Charitable institutions; Imperial generosity; Cheap living; City police; Wicket gates; Watchmen; Chinaman and his lantern; Large nursery; Espionage; Governor Le; Official reports; Responsibility; Imperial edict; George IV; Chinese government; Political sermons; Petit treason; Maxim against Maxim; Public examinations; Literary perseverance; The Son of HeavenChapter 11 Mandarins; Chinese punishments; Mild jurisdiction; The bamboo; Court of Justice; Infliction of blows; Thanking the judge; Female offenders; The leather flapper; Consideration shown to women; The kia or cangue; Imperial clemency; Alleviation of punishment; Ty-yo or hell; Prisons; Chain, handcuff and fetters; Torture; Criminal judges; Capital punishment; Chinese executioner; Strangulation; Polite request; The Ling-chyChapter 12 Banishment; Attachment to native place; Hall of Ancestors; Neglected tombs; Emigrants; Tartary; Employment or exiles; The cold country; Goose-tail; Transportation to Elee; Siberia of China; The Leu Lee; Laws for foreigners; Homicide; Tan-kea; Tartars; Ma-out-tse; Chin-tchew men; Law of high treason; The Son of Heaven; Petit treason; Partiality to foreigners; The old, young and afflicted; Family feuds; Cursing a thiefChapter 13 Our knowledge of the Chinese; The language; Protestant missionaries; Mixed races; Various sects; Superstitious natives; Owners of junks; Native sailors; Chin-techew men; Idolatry; Teen-how; Procession; Idolatrous entertainment; Offerings to spirits; The compass; Junks at Whompoa; Very old custom; Government cargo-boats; Villages; Three days' festival; Chin-chin Ghos; Salutations; Medley of sweet sounds; Interior of temple; Floating fireworks VOLUME IIIChapter 1 Country pagodas; Nine-story pagodas; Galleries; Blue brick; Vegetation; Ascent of the tower; River Tigris an Broadway; Honan Island; Country houses; Temple of Buddha; Dirty suburb; Giant porters; Chin-ky and Chin-loong; Principle temple; Grand hall; Three precious Fuh; Manly beauty; Incense; Lohan or saints; Priests; bell and drum; Chanting; The kotow; Many armed goddess; Marble vase; Holy water; Relics of Budh; Fatting pigs; Transmigration of souls; Gardens; CemeteryChapter 2 Chinese theology; The three sects; Toleration; Buddhism in Tibet; Birthplace of Budh; The Cingelese; O'Brien's opinion; Commandments; Ceremonies of Buddhites and Romanists; The hierarchy; The Lama; Eclectic school in China; Gods and goddesses; Friars of Fo; Jesuits in China; Agency of the Devil; Deification of Napoleon; Teen-how; Virgin and child; Importation of Buddhism from India; Accommodating ambassadorsChapter 3 The State religion; Confucian philosophy; High Priest and clergy; Antiquity of Joo; Life of Kung-tsze; His contemporaries; Thirteen states; Visit to Laou-tsze; Deer; Divinities of Joo; Imperial sacrifices; Political sermons; Laou-tsze; His priests; Alchemy; Monastery of Taou; Consecration of Penates; Charms and talismans; Astrology; The book of fate; Royal marriageChapter 4 Mahomedans in China; Jews; Religious banditti; A late insurrection; Punishment of Offenders; Fear of civil commotion; Chinese theology; Jesuit missionaries; Matteo Ricci; Kang-hy; Agency of Satan; Religion of beggarly fellows; Dominicans and Franciscans; Persecution of Christians; Yaysoo Keaou; The late edicts; Efforts of missionaries; Japanese empire; Estimate of Christians in China; Map of the missions; The last edict; Malacca college; Chinese hospitals; Missionary surgeonsChapter 5 The Provincial City; Palaces of grandees; Official dignity; The Tsung-tuh; Foo-yuen; Nobility; The nine ranks; The Maou-ting; Governor Le; Local authorities; The Hoppo; Tartar favourite; Installation of Hoppo; Visit to Fan-quis; The procession; State breakfast; Court-dress; Peacock's feather; Foreign curiosities; Prejudice; Chinese notions of Europeans; Barbarians; Foreign countries; Europe; Country of the Crows and Demons; The French; The English; British females; The English Ambassador; The Dutch; Red-haired men; Unpleasant curiosity; Wandering spirits; Queit-ze an-qui; Translation of terms Chapter 6 The Hong merchants; Their number; Mercantile firms; Ching's Hong;The co-Hong; Punishment of bankrupts; Cannot retire; System of security; Charge of Fan-quis; Scape-goats; Treason; Colleaguing with foreigners; Smuggling; Story of Aming, the Hong merchant; The compradore; Contraband, Wealth; Made a Hong merchant; Friend to foreigners; Sycee silver; Capture of Parsee boat; Waylaying a native; Imprisonment; Brutal treatment; Forcing confession; Degrading exposure; Wearing the cangue; Waning to Hong merchants and foreigners; Profits from tea- trade; Sedans; Purchasing rank; Privileges; Chinese hospitality; Card of invitation; Invitation to marriage feast; Chopsticks; Prejudice; Present hongs and linguistsChapter 7 The Provincial City; Collections of foreigners; Frontage of Hongs; Privileges of trade; The Russians; Overland trade; Russians in Peking; The Dutch; Spaniards; Trade to Amoy; Swedes ad Danes; French; tea, an antidote to cholera; Americans; Hong of extensive fountains; Second-chop Englishmen; British factory; Hong which ensures tranquillity; Respect paid to English; The Company's establishment; The Taepans; Mode of conducting trade; tea inspectors; Shares of trade; Exemptions in favour of the Company; The British flag in China; Superintendents of British trade; Criminal court at Canton; Lord Napier; General chamber of commerce; Captain Elliot in canton; Viceroy's report to emperor; Ensign flying again Chapter 8 The tea-trade; Green and black; Imperial; Singlo; Hyson and Gunpowder; Pekoe and Bohea; Wo-ping; Black tea districts; Cultivation of green teas; Manufacture; Injurious effects of green tea; Teas in demand at Canton; Padre Souchong; Names of teas; Increase of trade; Number of tea-dealers; Importations of the East India Company; First year of free-trade; Losers to merchants; Prospect of lowered prices; Expenses and freights lightened; Frauds and adulterations; Young Hyson; Cultivation of tea-plant elsewhere; Upper Assam; Other exports; Silks; Imports; Cotton; Saltpetre; Total value of foreign trade Chapter 9 Chinese exactions; Consoo tax; Co-hong; Port charges; Evasion of duties; Smuggling system; The opium trade; Emperor Keen-Loong; Prohibition of the drug; Kia-king; Severities against opium-smokers; Spreading of the mania; Depot at Macao; station of Lintin; Receiving ships; Clippers; Fast crabs and scrambling dragons; Native smugglers; Rapid increase in the demand; Quantity imported; Indian; Turkey; native; Chinese knowledge of the drug; The melters; Preparation of extract; Quantity manufactured; Method of smoking; Sun-qua, the Chinese Hogarth; Progress of dissipation; Admonitory pictures Chapter 10 Importance of opium trade; Deleterious qualities; Drunkards and opium-smokers; Effects in Chinese army; Evils of the importation to the empire; Exportation of sycee; Value of silver bullion; General smuggling trade; Rice importation; Corruption of mandarins; Legalization o opium importation; Chinese discussions; Chao Tsun's notions; History of Formosa; Heu Naetse; Proposed suppression of English trade; Cultivation of the poppy; Effects of opium trade; Prospects of friendly alliance; Japan; Traitorous intercourse; Persecution of missionariesChapter 11 Opposition of Fan-quis: native description of them; Exclusion of foreign women and children; Attempts at opposition; Stoppage of trade; Foreign females; Why excluded; A Chinese philosopher's defence of women; Canton regatta; Gardens of Fah-teen; Chow-chow shop; Parsee ingenuity; Process of turning out; Policy of Viceroy; Kia-King's advice; Imperial proclamations; Yearly edicts; Excuses of foreigners; Edict of 1836; Wrathful demonstrations; Departure from CantonChapter 12 Portuguese carnival; Rice Christians; Italians in China; Commissioners at Macao; Theatricals; A midshipman's complexities; The floating city at night; The Tanka people; Foreign curiosity; Interior o a mansion; An evening party; The approach of the Fan-quis; Chinese banquet; Jealousy; Boatmen errant; Fleet of centipedes; The musical shell; Smugglers' superstitionChapter 13 Measuring the ships; Fear of cannon; Dislike of foreign boats; Ascertaining the tonnage; Collecting wine-bottles; Compradores's bill of fare; Vegetables; Fruits; Mandarin oranges; Excursions on the river; French Island; The foreigners' cemetery; Botanising expeditions; Funeral expenses; Curious predictionChapter 14 Native tombs; Sepulchral monuments on Danes Island; English vanity; Remnants of oblations; Visiting tombs of ancestors enjoined by law; Punishment for neglect; Period of Tsing-ming; Appeasing the shades of the dead; Funeral banquet; The heir in his Old Age; Motives for charity; Burial of paupers; The island of bones; pauper's tombstone; Infanticide; The living and the dead child; Rarity of child murder; Affection of Chinese mothers Chapter 15 The river Hoang-ho; Unmanageable subject; Embankments; Temples to Lun- Wang; The story of the Water lily of Ying-leeChapter 16 The cold season; The winter cap; Chinese etiquette; Thatch tippets; The stevedores; Arrival of the teas; The first chop; Smuggling the silk; Settling accounts; The cumshaws; The final chin-chinning; The grand chop; Liberality of sentiment; The Chinese skull; Tartar regulation; Expression of countenance; Civilization of Chinese; Intellect; Morality; Chinese art of war; Weapons; Lower classes; Necessity for a treaty of commerce
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